English Language & Comp.
The AP English Language and Composition course aligns to an introductory college-level rhetoric and writing curriculum, which requires students to develop evidence-based analytic and argumentative essays that proceed through several stages or drafts. Students evaluate, synthesize, and cite research to support their arguments. Throughout the course, students develop a personal style by making appropriate grammatical choices. Additionally, students read and analyze the rhetorical elements and their effects in non-fiction texts, including graphic images as forms of text, from many disciplines and historical periods.
The AP English Language and Composition course is designed to help students become skilled readers and writers through engagement with the following course requirements:
- Composing in several forms (e.g., narrative, expository, analytical, and argumentative essays) about a variety of subjects
- Writing that proceeds through several stages or drafts, with revision aided by teacher and peers
- Writing informally (e.g., imitation exercises, journal keeping, collaborative writing), which helps students become aware ofthemselves as writers and the techniques employed by otherwriters
- Writing expository, analytical, and argumentative compositions based on readings representing a variety of prose styles and genres
- Reading nonfiction (e.g., essays, journalism, science writing, autobiographies, criticism) selected to give studentsopportunities to identify and explain an author’s use ofrhetorical strategies and techniques1
- Analyzing graphics and visual images both in relation to written texts and as alternative forms of text themselves
- Developing research skills and the ability to evaluate, use, and cite primary and secondary sources
- Conducting research and writing argument papers in which students present an argument of their own that includes theanalysis and synthesis of ideas from an array of sources
- Citing sources using a recognized editorial style (e.g., Modern Language Association, The Chicago Manual of Style)
- Revising their work to develop:
- A wide-ranging vocabulary used appropriately andeffectively;
- A variety of sentence structures, including appropriateuse of subordination and coordination;
- Logical organization, enhanced by techniques such asrepetition, transitions, and emphasis;
- A balance of generalization and specific, illustrativedetail; and
- An effective use of rhetoric, including tone, voice, diction,and sentence structure.